William Wordsworth’s Principles of Poetry
------By the study of Lyrical Ballads
Abstract: William Wordsworth, one of the “ Lake Poets”, uttered his views on what good poetry should be in the Preface of the second edition of Lyrical Ballads in 1800. They are summed up into four essential points. Firstly, the theme is to be incidents and situations chosen from common life,especially the low and rustic life. Secondly, the language used is to be a selection of language really used by men. Thirdly, regarding the treatment of the theme, ordinary things are to be presented in an unusual way. Fourthly, the poet is to trace the universal significance in human society in the chosen incidents and situations.
Key words: William Wordsworth; Romanticism; principles of poetry
关键词： 威廉·华兹华斯； 浪漫主义； 诗歌创作准则
William Wordsworth, born on April 7,1770,was the son of a law-agent.William Wordsworth studied at St.John’s College in Cambridge,but more inspiring was his tour of the revolutionary France,an experience that influenced both his poetry and his political sensibilities.This experience together with a subsequent residence in France ,led to Wordsworth’s keen interest and heartfelt sympathy for the life ,the misery and real-life speech of the “common man.”William Wordsworth, Coleridge and Southey are known as Lake Poets, as they lived in the district of the gr eat lakes in Northwestern England.
William Wordsworth is the oldest and best known of the group. He is especially remembered as a founder of the new tradition of romanticism to replace the Neo- classicism which had gone stale of the 18th century . His fame rests not only upon his poems but also on his principles of poetry expounded in the...