People were against conscription because they believed it to be undemocratic and that it took away their freedom.
• Opposition groups (eg. YCAC and SOS)
YCAC= Youth Campaign against Conscription
SOS= Save Our Sons
Draft resistance massacred
Universities were pushing for democracy
• University Students
They were educated, had a voice and were coming together. They were at the age that could be conscripted with friends and siblings who could have been drafted. They were also of a similar age group and thus had alike ideas/ideals in comparison to outside groups consisting of different age groups. These students also had money in circulation in their back-pocket to spend in their education and campaigns. ( This was due to the great depression followed by two wars; causing the students to have more money than their parents.) This war also meant that the students would lose out on earning two years worth of money.
• Belief that it was not our war
By the late 1960s progressed, many believed it was a civil war and that we (Aus , US troops) should not be involved.
• Role of TV and Journalists
By the late 1960s, they were taking footage of the 'search and destroy' missions, taking pictures of some of the women and children who had been injured in some of their attacks; and people were seeing these scenes in their homes from their television with their families around them whilst talking/discussing it. 1956 was when the first television sets were introduced and the Vietnam War was also the first war with no censorship, prior to this, people to thie WW1 and WW2 (even the Korean War) were heavily censored.
• Nature of the war
- Gorilla warfare
- VC well armed
- VC could reuse scraps of used bombs and create new ones; could thorw back unexploded grenades
- AUS and US troops could not find the VC
Tet Offensive - 31st January 1968
- Viet Cong attached 100 towns and cities
- Surprise attack