Use of Support Groups in the Treatment of Grief During the Holidays |
This paper will assess the effectiveness of Bereavement support groups. The academic literature suggests the effectiveness of this type of group relies on the ability of the facilitator to provide a safe setting in which the membership can express their feelings openly, a knowledgeable facilitator on the grief process, and unreserved positive regard for the feelings and process of the group.
The origin of the word bereaved means in part, to be robbed or plundered especially of something or someone valuable (Dictionary.com, 2013). The word currently used to describe the process one undergoes after experiencing the loss of a loved one, Indeed, it seems those in the midst of this journey are searching for something lost or stolen to be recovered in their lives. The process of bereavement includes the acts of grieving and mourning. Grieving is the emotional process one experiences in relation to the loss. The width and breath of this process is unique to each person, and can be affected by many internal and external influences. Mourning is the outward cultural, religious, and personal rituals one exhibits during the bereavement (American Cancer Society, 2013).
Because the bereavement process is so individualized, it is difficult accurately determine the course an individual should take when seeking outside assistance for their bereavement. There are socially accepted predictions of occurrences those experiencing bereavement will face, such as those expounded by Elisabeth Kubler-Ross’s stages of death that have been adapted for the bereavement process. These occurrences include denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance (On Death and Dying, 2013). It has been proposed this process be augmented with the additional stage of maintenance, after the ‘active’ stages are fulfilled, which will, as opposed to...