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Unit 4222-265 Causes and Spread of Infection Essay

  • Submitted by: teemyweemy
  • on June 24, 2014
  • Category: Miscellaneous
  • Length: 692 words

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Below is an essay on "Unit 4222-265 Causes and Spread of Infection" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

1.1 & 1.2

  Bacteria~ These are single cells that can divide and multiply rapidly and come in different shapes and divide anywhere such as M.R.S.A, septicaemia and gastro-enteritis.

  Viruses~ Are ready made stable D.N.A with a protective shell, they cannot invade without the assistance of another cell to do so, examples of these are the common cold, flu and hepatitis.

  Fungi~ Are simple plants such as yeasts and moulds or even rusts that thrive in moist, dark, unventilated areas like thrush, ringworm or athlete's foot.

  Parasites~ Are animals or plants living in or on the host, usually small creatures that are living on or within us such as lice, scabies, tapeworm or threadworm.


  What is meant by….

Infection~ A term used for an illness that has been caused by a harmful organism/bacteria.

Colonisation~ This term is to identify when bad bacteria can be present but is causing no illness or harm to the carrier.


  Systemic infection~ This is where an infection affects all the body and also the cognitive matter and can make the whole body feel unwell like chest/urine infections or septicemia.

  Localised infection~ Is where the pain can be pinpointed and is coming from the cause itself and the area that it homes at, this would be things like cuts/wounds to the skin or an ingrown toenail.


  Poor personal hygiene, incorrect disposal of rubbish, waste, chemicals and clinical contamination, poor hand hygiene, not wearing P.P.E when needed, not storing or cooking foods properly, not complying with cleaning rotas, overcrowding when an illness is apparent, not following policies or reporting outbreaks or episodes of disease, direct contact with bodily fluids.


  All organisms need different things to grow and thrive, they all need somewhere to grow for instance…..

  A host, might be a person, animal, plant, surface anywhere that suits the needs of the organism as not all...

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