1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years
Children and young people follow a pattern of development, by knowing this pattern we can know what to expect at different ages and stages, which helps us to support the children to the right level and to identify those who may need additional support.
When talking about development we need to understand that there are different stages of development. The first is physical development, this area is about learning how to master physical movements, and this is subdivided into fine motor skills, gross motor skills and locomotive movements. The second is cognitive development, also known as intellectual development; this is a huge area that covers the way in which our brains process information. The third is communication, this area is about learning to communicate with others and understanding what other people are communicating, this is linked to cognitive development as more sophisticated communication involves thinking about what others are trying to convey and what you are expressing. Another area of development is the social and emotional development, this is about relationships and about learning about oneself, it’s also learning about what behaviour is acceptable and having the ability to control your emotions. The last area of development is moral development, this is closely linked with social and emotional development and cognitive development, it’s about the decisions that we make and the principles that we adopt and behaviour towards others. There are different stages and sequences of development for 5 different age ranges, these are: infancy- birth to one year, early years- one to three years, childhood- four to seven years, puberty- eight to twelve years and adolescence- thirteen to nineteen years.
Between the ages of 0-3 there are many stages of development as a new born baby develops into a talking toddler, as follows are the sequences usually the same for all...