Understand the process and experience of Dementia
1. Understand the neurology of dementia:
2.1 Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome:
Alzheimer's Disease is the most common cause of dementia, a loss of intellectual and social abilities that is severe enough to interfere with daily functioning. Alzheimer's disease affects the brain by destroying its basic component, the neuron. It attacks parts in the limbic system, starting with the hippocampus, the central switchboard of your memory system. That is why memory loss and is often associated with the early stages of Alzheimer's. As the illness progresses besides the hippocampus the disease attacks other parts of the limbic system, including the amygdala, causing aggression and paranoia later on. As neurons are damaged and destroyed in these areas, there is damage to other cognitive functions such as language skills and the ability to plan, make judgments and perform simple tasks. Dementia is a syndrome a collection of signs and symptoms occurring together and not the name for a single disorder. Vascular dementia is caused by problems in supply of blood to the brain; this is typically caused by a cerebrovascular accident, or stroke. 80% of sufferers will have a history of hypertension. Other causes of dementia are: severe alcohol abuse and organic diseases such as syphilis.
2.2 Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia:
Dementia sufferers tend to start with less severe short term memory problems which present with problems such as forgetting what they needed when they arrive at a shop or forgetting names more commonly than usual. As the disease progresses sufferers may appear to be living in the past. This will present as: sufferers thinking they are younger than they, inability to recognise themselves in photos or there family members, also they may display purposeless fretful behaviour; believing they have to go to...