TIANANMEN MASSACRE – HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION IN CHINA
Human rights violation is one of the hottest issues in China for more than a hundred years. From dynasties to the communist government, freedom of speech and press of civilians have never been respected by the Chinese government. Through the Tiananmen Square crackdown, the Chinese government has reflected the failure and weakness in solving problems. The reactions of the government before, during, and after the massacre let the world know that the government of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) violates the human rights seriously.
This report has seven sections including history, it ends in mourning, international responses, the government speaks, the government’s reaction, human rights and the government’s reaction post-Tiananmen Massacre, and taboo.
The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, also known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre or the June Fourth Incident, are a stain of Chinese history toward human rights and democracy. After the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe (Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland), and especially the death of Hu Yaobang, the pro-market and pro-democracy official, there was a series of students and intellectuals’ demonstrations in and near Tiananmen Square in China between April 15 and June 4, 1989 to call for a reform in economic and political structure (Nathan, A., 2001). The protest had been started in Beijing and reached 100,000 people on the Tiananmen Square.
Later, the demonstrations had been spread to many cities throughout China, including Shanghai. To control the disorders within the country and to avoid the collapse of the communist party, the government used drastic policies to smash the protest (Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989, 2009). As a result, at 10:00 P.M. on June 3rd, 1989, after the movements lasted seven weeks, the PRC government used armored personnel carriers (APCs) with armed troops and tanks to attack and clear Tiananmen...