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The Persistence Of Inequality After Apartheid Essay

  • Submitted by: morpheus3x
  • on March 18, 2012
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 1,910 words

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Below is an essay on "The Persistence Of Inequality After Apartheid" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

In 1990, Nelson Mandela was released from prison, the African National Congress (ANC) and other organisations were unbanned, and negotiations over political change began. Four years later, in 1994, the country held its first democratic elections, won by the ANC. By 1994, almost all legislation which discriminated on explicitly racial grounds had been abolished: people could now vote in elections, live or attend school anywhere, do any work, and marry and have sex, all without regard for racial classification. Inequalities, however, remained: the legacy of the past could not be undone overnight.
Researchers, political leaders and (of course) poor South Africans themselves had long been aware of the persistence of poverty, but accurate data had only become available for the first time in 1993. Using the standard and ungenerous international poverty measure of US$1 per person day (adjusted for local purchasing power), one in four South Africans lived in (deep) poverty in 1994, whilst as many as one half had incomes below the more generous poverty line favoured in South Africa itself. One in six South Africans was not expected to survive to the age of forty – a proportion that was to grow as the AIDS pandemic reduced life expectancy by one quarter. At the same time, a minority of South Africans, almost all white, enjoyed evident prosperity. Inequality meant that the „poverty gap‟, defined as the aggregate amount by which poor peoples‟ incomes are below the poverty line as a proportion of the total income in society, was very small. A perfectly targeted transfer of only 5 percent of national income from rich to poor would have sufficed to eliminate poverty, even using the higher South African poverty line set above US$1 per person day. Given that the top household income decile, i.e. the richest 10 percent of households, earned almost exactly one-half of the national income, they would only have to forsake one-tenth of their aggregate incomes to have eliminated...

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"The Persistence Of Inequality After Apartheid". Anti Essays. 14 Dec. 2018


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The Persistence Of Inequality After Apartheid. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 14, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://parimatchstavki7.com/free-essays/The-Persistence-Of-Inequality-After-Apartheid-186810.html