‘The hidden curriculum is a good way to learn norms and values’
Evaluate the arguments for and against this claim.
The hidden curriculum is all the learning that goes on in a school that is not subject based. The hidden curriculum ensures that we learn the importance of, for example; following the rules, being in a routine, and being responsible. It becomes a part of our common sense experiences. Functionalists believe that education is crucial in order to have a smooth-running and efficient society. So, without an effective education system, they think that society would not work, and so for factionalists, education has a very positive role to play. On the other hand, Marxists believe that society is not based on agreement and harmony, but instead is split by divisions of inequalities in terms of power, money and status. For Marxists education is a tool of domination used by the ruling class to keep the masses in their place. Education is good for the powerful people, but unfortunately education does not have many benefits at all for the working class; it is just a way of controlling us.
Some may say that schools are a very good example of hierarchy, where those at the top like the teachers have more power and influence than those at the bottom which are the students. Functionalists would argue that this prepares them for the world of work, where it is most likely that they will have a boss to tell them what to do.
Furthermore, students learn quickly that they must obey the rules and if not, they would be sanctioned for example, detention. Functionalists believe that this prepares the students to follow and accept the rules in the wider society, such as punctuality.
In addition, School prepares you for competition in the wider world. In school you may compete to see who gets the best grades, or just having a competition on a sports field. This is similar to the society on a whole today, and so functionalists believe that they are preparing them for a...