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The Gestalt Psychologists Maintained That When People Perceive Sensory Elements Their Tendency Is to See Things in Terms of the Entire Form or Pattern Rather Than as Individual Parts. Identify and Describe These Basic Essay

  • Submitted by: kristenjimenez
  • on March 26, 2014
  • Category: Psychology
  • Length: 457 words

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Below is an essay on "The Gestalt Psychologists Maintained That When People Perceive Sensory Elements Their Tendency Is to See Things in Terms of the Entire Form or Pattern Rather Than as Individual Parts. Identify and Describe These Basic" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

The Gestalt psychologists stated that when people interpret sensory elements, they tend to see things in the entire form or a pattern rather than as individual, separate entities. When the brain interprets things in groups and arrangements, it allows itself to make sense of an entire object. The brain likes to operate with simplicity; therefore, seeing a group of objects as one whole entity lets the brain function more efficiently. The Gestalt perspective can explain these basic principles of perceptual organization: figure-ground, similarity, proximity, and closure.
The first principle is figure-ground. Figure-ground is the action that the brain takes, where it pulls out the object of interest, making everything else the background. For example, when a man is in a large crowd and is having a conversation with someone; the brain zones in on the one person so that he can focus on the other person without being distracted. If the brain did not make everything the background, it can easily get confused. The brain can sometimes get confused, not knowing where to apply its attention, so it does not perceive or understand information.
The next principle is similarity, where objects, which are alike, are grouped together by the brain. If there is a row of 20 circles on top of a row of 20 triangles, the brain will interpret it as two horizontal lines of circles and triangles as opposed to 20 vertical lines of a circle and triangle. This allows the brain to function better because it can understand two lines better than 20 lines of two different shapes.
The third principle is proximity. The brain uses proximity when there are objects that are close together as one whole object. If a girl looks at a picture and there are 100 small circles within the same proximity, her brain will construe it as one large bunch of circles. Proximity makes the brain’s job much easier because one large group of circles is much simpler than 100 small circles.
The last principle is...

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MLA Citation

"The Gestalt Psychologists Maintained That When People Perceive Sensory Elements Their Tendency Is to See Things in Terms of the Entire Form or Pattern Rather Than as Individual Parts. Identify and Describe These Basic". Anti Essays. 15 Dec. 2018

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The Gestalt Psychologists Maintained That When People Perceive Sensory Elements Their Tendency Is to See Things in Terms of the Entire Form or Pattern Rather Than as Individual Parts. Identify and Describe These Basic. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 15, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://parimatchstavki7.com/free-essays/The-Gestalt-Psychologists-Maintained-That-When-600015.html