CHILD AND YOUNG PERSON DEVELOPMENT
1.1 THE EXPECTED PATTERN OF CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE’S DEVELOPMENT
FROM BIRTH TO 19 YEARS
| Social development | Physical development | Intellectual and communication development | Emotional and behavioural development |
From birth to 3 months | Recognize own mother and family members.Responds to touch. | Fixing the eyes.Develops own rhythm in feeding and sleeping.Lifting the head. | Learns through senses – vision, hearing and grasping. Responds to music, familiar sounds. | Cries in different ways in different situations. Fears loud noise, objects, situations.Shows excitement by the sounds. |
From 3 to 6 months | Smiles to be friendly and at self in the mirror.Responds to own name. Finds mother or carer extremely important. | Rapidly gains better motor control – rolls over, pulls self to sitting position and finally sits up. | “Talks” using the bubbling sound and syllables. Try to copy their carers face, esp. mouth. | Observes the objects – sucks them.Laughs when tickled. Needs to be clean and warm. Holding is seen as interaction with the adult. |
From 6 to 9 moths | Points the things which they want or are interesting.When crawls is able to reach the targets. | Sits up independently. Crawls on all fours.Tries to stand up with support.Changes milk teeth. | Plays simple games with adults. Makes two syllable sounds.Named the closest people- mama, dada or nana. | Needs to feel sure that someone is taking care of them.Becomes unhappy when mother or carer leaves. |
From 9 to 12 months | Demands attention.Wants to be independent, e.g. to eat using a spoon. | Tries to walk with support.Can feed themselves using hands.Can drop and throw objects. Likes to take things from cupboard. | Shouts for attention.Is interested in touch books.Uses head shaking and nodding. | Is able to concentrate on objects and actions – for longer and longer amounts of time.Can be angry – tantrums. Self esteem becomes...