13 February 2014
Gilgamesh and Genesis: which really happened first?
The epic of Gilgamesh and Genesis has many key points in their stories that are supposedly alike and it is argued that Genesis was stolen from Gilgamesh and that Gilgamesh was stolen from Genesis. One of the main key elements of similarity that is brought up between these two stories is the great flood in Genesis, and the plan of the Babylonian God, Ea, to destroy all humans and animals with a great flood.
The Babylonian God selected Utnapistim to build and ark and have a few humans and animals to save. Genesis and Gilgamesh both talk about an ark or boat that is set for these humans and animals to save and everything is destroyed by this flood; total destruction. Both stories describe a bird being sent to see if the water had calmed down and it was safe for them to exit the boat or ark. Both stories have described the flood and the coming of it from a man and as well as a chosen person being warned ahead of time about the flood. The survivors of Gilgamesh are Utnapostim, his wife, and one of every skill and trade. In the bible, the survivors of the flood are Noah, his wife, their sons, and their wives. The epic ended up on top of Mount Nimush and in Genesis it ended up on top of Mount Ararat. The flood lasted 40 days and 40 nights in Genesis and only seven days and seven nights in Gilgamesh.
In this great epic, the main character is Gilgamesh and he is trying to find immortality after finding fear once his great friend, Enkidu, has died. Gilgamesh was created by the Gods and is described as, “When the gods created Gilgamesh they
gave him a perfect body. Shamash the glorious sun endowed him with beauty, Adad the god of the storm endowed him with courage, the great gods made his beauty perfect, surpassing all others, terrifying like a great wild bull. Two-thirds they made him god and one-third man.”(48) Though Gilgamesh is two-thirds god and one-third man, he...