Title – The Crucible
Author – Arthur Miller
1. Genre/Style: Contemporary Tragedy / Naturalism
2. Dramatic Action: The play begins with a simple incident of a group of girls dancing in the forest but snowballs into huge hysteria followed by witch hunt. John Proctor struggles between maintaining his reputation and the truth. In the end, his refusal to confess to false accusations earned him the death penalty but he retained his integrity and honor.
3. Theme/Idea: Reputations – In a small town, such as Salem, reputations is extremely important. Everybody knows each other and rumors can spread like cancer. The townsfolk of Salem feared having their own reputations tainted by the sins of others, that they distant themselves and even accused others in order to protect or promote their respective reputations. During time of hysteria, old grudges and jealousies flared, adding to the atmosphere of tension.
4. Characters Transformation:
John Proctor (Protagonist) - John Proctor sees himself as a strong, stern, honest man except for one affair incident with Abigail that haunts him. Early in the play, he could’ve prevented the spread of the hysteria by testifying against Abigail’s accusations. But instead he holds his tongue in order to preserve his reputation. At the end of the play, however, Proctor’s redeem himself by choosing not to confess to a sin that he did not commit and instead accepted the death penalty. This clears up his guilty conscious and he dies heroically.
Abigail Williams (Antagonist) – Abigail belongs in the lower social status class. She is unmarried and an orphan. She was a servant in the home of John Proctor and Elizabeth. She has feeling for John and had an affair with him. She was fired by Elizabeth because of that. Powerless to do anything, Abigail resented Elizabeth for that and her jealousy grew. After the dancing in the forest incident, realizing how people listened and believed in her stories, she...