Chapter 1, 2 and 3
Harshini Bommireddy Roll no 59
Chapter 1-The Argumentative Indian
In his essay the argumentative Indian, Amartya Sen talks about the loquaciousness of the Indians and their ability to speak and argue. The magnificence of Ramayana and Mahabharata reflected as the arguments and counter arguments prevalent from that very period to the record of the longest speech at the UN are quoted by him to support this idea.
Amatya Sen refers to the dilemma between Krishna’s take on following the duty and Arjun’s take on considering the aftermath in ‘Bhagavad Gita’. This admiration for the Gita, and for Krishna's arguments in particular, has been a lasting phenomenon in parts of European culture. Krishna believes in fare forward and fare well. Scholars bringing that debate to discussion show the extent to which those ethical issues are of relevance even today.
In amartya sen’s own words “As we reflect on the manifest problems of our global world (from terrorism, wars and violence to epidemics, insecurity and gruelling poverty), or on India's special concerns (such as economic development, nuclear confrontation or regional peace), it is important to take on board Arjuna's consequential analysis, in addition to considering Krishna's arguments for doing one's duty. The univocal 'message of the Gita' requires supplementation by the broader argumentative wisdom of the Mahabharata, of which the Gita is only one small part.”
Sen explores the unexplored side of women of being critical, questioning the men and showing their intellectual side often neglected by scholars. Sen gives examples of this side of women from the early Upanishads to today’s politics. The arguments presented by women speakers in epics and classical tales, or in recorded history, do not always conform to the tender and peace-loving image that is often assigned to women. Here he gives a reference to Draupadi instigating Yudhistir to fight in the battle.
Sen says that disadvantage is...