The effects of stress and night shift on the body and it’s impact on Lisa
Stress is a major factor in everyone’s life. It can stem from family, relationships, school and work. Stress impacts everyone differently and “although stress is never listed among the top 10 causes of death in America, it’s linked to many illnesses, such as heart disease and stroke can be deadly”, (HWHW, 2003). Stress can also affect a person’s sleep cycle, memory, sensitivity, mood and appearance. Stress can be compared to the flight or fight response in the human body. It causes the adrenal glands to release cortisol to keep blood pressure and blood sugar levels in check. Cortisol was designed to be used in emergency situations only, so when it is overproduced do to stressful situations it can lead to many problems.
Lisa has indicated to us that she feels stressed very often with her job and commitments. We can recommend to her some ways to improve her lifestyle that in turn will contribute to stress reduction. By giving her a healthy and balanced diet plan that we will give her the tools to ensure that she is helping her body battle the toll stress can take on it. Eating a diet filled with vegetables, fruits, whole grains and healthy fats will also help Lisa reach her daily recommended RDA for vitamins and minerals. In many cases when the body is stressed it releases cortisol to help increase energy levels. However, increased cortisol will also increase the feeling of hunger as well convert food stores into glycogen and fat (HWHW, 2003). This can lead to an unhealthy weight gain which is the opposite of Lisa’s goal of losing a little weight.
Another recommendation we are giving to Lisa that will help her with her stress is recommending an exercise plan that can be done on a tight schedule such as Lisa’s. Stress not only leads to the release of cortisol in the body, it also leads to the fight or flight response. This response is associated with physical activity and...