estructura Nouns and articles
A noun is a word used to identify people, animals, places, things, or ideas. Unlike English, all Spanish nouns, even those that refer to nonliving things, have gender; that is, they are considered either masculine or feminine. As in English, nouns in Spanish also have number, meaning that they are either singular or plural. ANTE TODO
Nouns that refer to living things
Masculine nouns el hombre the man Feminine nouns la mujer the woman
ending in –o el chico el pasajero the boy the (male) passenger
ending in –a la chica la pasajera the girl the (female) passenger
ending in –or el conductor el profesor the (male) driver the (male) teacher
ending in –ora la conductora la profesora the (female) driver the (female) teacher
ending in –ista el turista the (male) tourist
ending in –ista la turista the (female) tourist
Generally, nouns that refer to males, like el hombre, are masculine, while nouns that refer to females, like la mujer, are feminine. Many nouns that refer to male beings end in –o or –or. Their corresponding feminine forms end in –a and –ora, respectively.
Profesor(a) and turista are cognates— words that share similar spellings and meanings in Spanish and English. Recognizing cognates will help you determine the meaning of many Spanish words. Here are some other cognates: la administración, el animal, el apartamento, el cálculo, el color, la decisión, la historia, la música, el restaurante, el/la secretario/a.
AY U D A
The masculine and feminine forms of nouns that end in –ista, like turista, are the same, so gender is indicated by the article el (masculine) or la (feminine). Some other nouns have identical masculine and feminine forms.
el joven the youth; the young man el estudiante the (male) student la joven the youth; the young woman la estudiante the (female) student
Cognates can certainly be very helpful in your...