The Assassination of archduke franz ferdinand Started World war 1?
In an event that is widely acknowledged to have sparked the outbreak of World war 1, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, is shot to death along with his wife by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo, Bosnia, on this day in 1914 (“Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated”
Illustration 1: Ferdinand and Sophie
The great Prussian statesman Otto von Bismarck, stated at the end of his life that "One day the great European War will come out of some damned foolish thing in the Balkans." and It turned out as he said.
The Archduke travelled to Sarajevo in June 1914 to scrutinize the imperial armed forces and Bosnia and Herzegovina. His visit was scheduled on June 28, and it was coincidentally at the same as the anniversary of the First Battle of Kosovo in 1389, in which medieval Serbia was defeated by the Turks. Despite the fact that Serbia did not truly lose its independence until the Second Battle of Kosovo in 1448, June 28 was a day of great significance to Serbian nationalists, and one on which they could be expected to take exception to a demonstration of Austrian imperial strength in Bosnia.
June 28 was also Franz Ferdinand's wedding anniversary. His beloved wife, Sophie, a former lady-in-waiting, was denied royal status in Austria due to her birth as a poor Czech aristocrat, and so were the couple's children. In Bosnia, however, due to its limbo status as an annexed territory, Sophie could appear beside him at official proceedings. On June 28, 1914, then, Franz Ferdinand and Sophie were touring Sarajevo in an open car, with shockingly little security, when Serbian nationalist Nedjelko Cabrinovic threw a bomb at their car; it rolled off the back of the vehicle and wounded an officer and some bystanders. However, later that day, when the couple were on the way to visit the injured officer, the...