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Sociology Essay: Comparing the Theories

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Functionalism is the belief that society has different groups that are all interdependent – these help to run society as a whole. Contrastingly, Marxism is about one class ruling the rest of them – the Bourgeoisie. They ‘uphold’ society by fooling the working class into believing everyone is equal, whereas, Functionalism says that everyone works together on the same level to work on a common goal – to uphold society.   A similarity between the two would be that they look at society as a whole rather than the individual – macro individualism.                                                                                                                                             If Marxism is about the upper class ruling the working class, then they would oppose feminism, which is about men controlling women, not about classes. They would also disagree on the fact that Feminists want women to be equal to men, but in a Marxist society it wouldn’t matter as the upper class, irrelevant of gender, would still rule the working class. They do both believe that society is unequal, whereas Functionalism believes that none are more important than others.                                                                                                     However, Functionalists and Feminists agree on some things - They view society as more important than the individual and they both also argue that education prepares pupils for their position in an unequal society. They do however disagree on some things. Like Marxism, Functionalism doesn’t take into account gender, and therefore they are seen as different because Feminism believes that it’s all about the equality between women and men.                                                                                                                                     Fundamentalism is the belief that everything has a literal meaning, particularly religion, and fundamentalists believe that religion keeps society alive. However...

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