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Sigmund Freud Essay

  • Submitted by: Glejbjerg
  • on August 29, 2013
  • Category: Psychology
  • Length: 440 words

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Below is an essay on "Sigmund Freud" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Sigmund Freud (German pronunciation: [ˈziːkmʊnt ˈfʁɔʏ̯t]; born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist who became known as the founding father of psychoanalysis.
Freud qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Vienna in 1881, and then carried out research into cerebral palsy, aphasia and microscopic neuroanatomy at the Vienna General Hospital. He was appointed a university lecturer in neuropathology in 1885 and became a professor in 1902.
In creating psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association (in which patients report their thoughts without reservation and in whichever order they spontaneously occur) and discovered transference (the process in which patients displace on to their analysts feelings derived from their childhood attachments), establishing its central role in the analytic process. Freud’s redefinition of sexuality to include its infantile forms led him to formulate the Oedipus complex, part of his drive theory, as the central tenet of psychoanalytical theory. His rejection of his earlier seduction theory, attributing his patients' neurosis to trauma, often sexual and violent in nature, in favour of his drive theory, claiming that patients' memories of abuse were actually fantasies, stemming from their own sexual and destructive drives, has been the cause of great controversy concerning Freud's work, and has led to the questioning of the validity of his psychoanalytical theory, or indeed, to its rejection. His analysis of his own and his patients' dreams as wish-fulfillments provided him with models for the clinical analysis of symptom formation and the mechanisms of repression as well as for elaboration of his theory of the unconscious as an agency disruptive of conscious states of mind. Freud postulated the existence of libido, an energy with...

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