The Role of Culture in Discourse
N. Eleda Zaaba
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Haja Mohideen Mohd. Ali
Table of content
Content | Page |
Introduction | 3 |
Discourse in Eastern Culture | 5 |
Discourse in Western Culture | 10 |
Discourse in Islamic culture | 16 |
Conclusion | 18 |
References | 19 |
It cannot be denied that all countries have cultures and it is also almost impossible to list down the amount of cultures during this period. Cultures come and go; some are dead and some are yet to be discovered. In addition, they can be ancient or modern. This paper is an attempt to differentiate the role of culture in western and eastern discourse; specifically, how the culture influences the construction of discourse. In addition, we will also look further into Islamic discourse and its characteristics.
First, it is very important for us to know the basic meaning of culture before we move on further into discussion. The word culture derived from a Latin word cultura, with the literal meaning for “cultivation”. As for the technical term, according to Li & Karakowsky (2001), culture refers to the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the universe, and material objects and possession acquired by a group of people in the course of generation through individual and group striving. A culture is something that is being shared by a community, regardless the amount of people; it can either be small or big. The concept of culture is also the focal point in world of anthropology. Conforming to the definition provided by English anthropologist, Edward B. Tylor, he defined culture as the “full range of learned human behaviour patterns”. He further expounded in his book, Primitive Culture (1871), that culture is “that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other...