Revising Police Services
The biggest concern for policing agencies in the United States is how to balance crime control against crime and justice. When a policing agency is too lack in controlling crime, individual loss of freedom is at stake because of increase in crime. However, too much control can result in loss of freedom due to governmental interference. There are many forms of policing; quasi-military policing, team policing, community-oriented policing, and problem- oriented policing. The main concern is to implement a policing program that works within a democratic society (Hunter, Barker, & Mayhall, 2004).
Quasi-military policing mirrors military procedure; to prevent crime using military force and severity of legal punishment. This form of policing uses force to accomplish goals, with strict internal regulations in order to prevent police corruption. Officers are encouraged to produce results which can lead to misconduct. This form of policing also alienates the citizens these agencies are charged with; creating a mistrust and lack of co-operation among citizens (Bittner, 1995).
Team policing is an attempt to enhance police-neighborhood relations by encouraging police-citizen interaction with-in a contained area. Patrol officers are assigned to a designated area; this will become that officer's community. The goal is to make service delivery more personal and to gain the support of a community. This provides geographic stability for a patrol team, more interaction among the communities, and better communication between police and the community. The problem with this model of policing is it can only work for small communities. Larger areas created a problem because of the diversity within cities (Hunter, Barker, & Mayhill, 2004).
Community-oriented policing is based on the concept that police officers and private citizens working together can solve problems related to crime, social disorder, and...