Restorative Justice is an alternative to the traditional system. Even if it will never replace the traditional system, it is a balanced focus on the crimes and victims involved through the eyes of the law. Restorative Justice is always voluntary for the victims, and it is a preventive way of understanding crime in its social context. (Dr. Tom Cavanaugh)
Restorative Justice involves a mediator, the victim, the offender, and the community members. It challenges causes of the crime, making everyone realize that crime violates people and relationships, and the justice part of it all identifies the needs and obligations of the victim, offender, and community. Therefore, the community must take some responsibility for the conditions that contribute to the crime, and help to promote healing by focusing on the present and the future. (Julie People, Lily Trimboli)
Traditional system done in the courts have the crime looked through the eyes of the state and its laws, where the actions are all directed at the offender and the victim is ignored. Instead of repairing the harm done, the offender just gets a punishment like jail time, or imprisonment, etc. The justice here in the traditional system mainly focuses on establishing guilt, by locking in on past behavior and the question “did he or she do it?” Also, in the traditional system, the community is sidelined and is represented by the state. (Cavagnah, Emily)
In restorative justice community members are a big part because they tie into the circle with the victim and the offender, they may not have been involved at all in the crime, but they are a part of that community. With the community member not being a part of the crime, they may have a different outlook on certain circumstances, and they can offer different feedback to try to help everyone understand. So community members are like a second mediator, if they chose to help that way. The victim of the crime does not have to be in the circle or even to...