FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
MODULE: RESEARCH METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY
The Relationship between School Climate and Overall School Academic Performance.
Background to the Study
Research has indicated that a school climate is closely associated with academic performance (Ding, Liu and Berkowitz, 2011). School Climate is an important educational research construct in studying school quality and student achievement (Brugman et al, 2003). This is because though a great deal of research shows that intelligence is hereditary (Papalia, Olds and Feldman, 2004), it takes a well motivating (both intrinsically and extrinsically) school climate for a students to unleash their commitment, creativity and intelligence towards overall school performance. There are seven (7) main aspects of school climate, as given and tested by Ding. Liu and Berkowitz, (2011), these are 1) Positive behaviour of individual being questionnaired 2) Negative behaviour of the individual 3) Classroom and school supportiveness 4) Autonomy and Influence 5) Safety at school 6) Enjoyment of school 7) School norms and rules. These aspects capsule within a questionnaire, are used to rate school climates as Positive (Value 1), Mild (Value 0) or Negative (Value -1).
Statement of the Problem
Is the high or low Overall School Academic Performance (OSAP) due to the respectively positive or negative nature of the school climate?
Purpose of the Study
The study aims to show the importance of renovating the school climate as a pivotal pre-requisite for improving academic performance. Furthermore, the study aims to show that low performing schools should not attribute low performance to an individual genetic basis alone (Tomkins, 1989), as has been traditionally believed, but to understand that the climate/environment in a school can influence...