Presented to Dr. Nyugen
In Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements in Education
Student: Helena N. Gray
May 24, 2010
Qualitative & Quantitative Research
This paper describes qualitative research and contrasts it with quantitative research. Because qualitative and quantitative methods involve differing strengths and weaknesses, they constitute alternative, but not mutually exclusive, strategies for research. (Patton, 1990, p. 14). According to Gay et al, as cited in Mertler & Charles (p. 192), qualitative research involves the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data, largely narrative and visual in nature, in order to gain insights into a particular phenomenon of interest.
Qualitative research is defined as any kind of research that produces findings that do not arrive by means of statistical procedures or other means of quantification (Strauss & Corbin, 1990, p. 17). A quantitative researcher will seek causal determination, prediction, and generalization of findings, whereas a qualitative researcher will seek, illumination, understanding, and extrapolation to similar situations. Qualitative analysis results in a different type of knowledge than does quantitative inquiry. According to Creswell, J. W., all knowledge, including that gained through quantitative research, is referenced in qualities.
Qualitative research explores attitudes, behavior and experiences through such methods as interviews or focus groups. It attempts to get an in-depth opinion from participants. As it is attitudes, behavior and experiences which are important, fewer people take part in the research, but the contact with these people tends to last a lot longer. Under the umbrella of qualitative research there are many different methodologies
Quantitative research generates statistics, using questionnaires or structured interviews. Whenever you are stopped on the...