Professor Pat Herb
19 February 2012
Word count 2,062
The Biography and Literary Analysis of Edgar Allan Poe
For those who like to read about a fantasy nightmare story, Poe is that man for the job. According to Bloom’s BioCritiques he is “the most widely read American author abroad, surpassing even Mark Twain, Walt Whitman and William Faulkner.” He is favored by so many because he put wit behind his metaphorically sound work that will be used to fright Americans of all ages. This writing of horror came from his tragic life that he lived since the moment he was born to the end of his death. In each of his stories, a bit of his own life is intertwined with each piece of his work. There is a myriad amount of symbolic facts that intertwine Poe’s life in some of his most famous pieces of work as well as his literary techniques.
Poe was born in Boston on January 19th of 1809, to struggling actors (Bloom 5). His father was an alcoholic, and his mother also had to suffer. His mother died when he was three, and his father deserted his family. He was taken in by a foster family by the name of the Allan’s. Poe and his foster father John Allan did not see eye to eye. Without financial support, Poe was unable to succeed in his studies at the University of Virginia, so he turned to gambling. Poe went $2,000 in the hole, and went to his foster father for help, which he did not help at all. (Hough 13)
When Poe was 14, one of his school friends,” Robert Stanard, took him home to meet his mother, Mrs Jane Craig Stanard.” She was very kind to him; she became a part of his memory of his own mother, the first of Poe’s idealized women (Bloom 9).” He called her Helen, a name he preferred to the plainer Jane. When he had problems at home or school, he went to her for comfort and advice. (Bloom 9)” Jane Standard had a malignant brain tumor and became bedridden, so Poe was unable to visit her anymore. Her death was a deeply personal...