Phonics and Phonemic Awareness
Grand Canyon University: EED-470
February 23, 2014
[pic]Phonics and Phonemic Awareness
Scientifically based reading research has identified five essential components of effective reading instruction: phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. To guarantee that children learn to read well, explicit and organized instruction must be provided for these five essential components ("National Center for Reading First ", 2005). The importance of phonemic awareness and phonics instruction for beginning readers has received wide support among reading researchers (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 2000). Students need to receive literacy instruction so that they are able to recognize and manipulate the sounds of the English language (phonemic awareness) and how to associate the sounds to the letters (phonics). Once the students are able to successfully incorporate these two components, they are more likely to succeed in reading.
Phonemic awareness deals with the phonemes or sounds that each letter of the alphabet makes. Phonemic awareness includes the understanding of how sounds function in words since all words are blended together with a number of phonemes to create it ("K12 Reader", 2012). Phonemic is one aspect of the whole picture of phonological awareness, but is important because it teaches the students to hear the minute sound each letter makes. One differentiation of a phoneme can change the meaning of a word even if they have the same beginning or ending sounds. Students should be able to hear these changes so they know what the word is or been changed to. Phonics is one of the fundamentals to reading because it is the understanding of the correlation between letters and their sounds. The main aspect of phonics is the knowledge of the alphabet, a student must master it in order to start putting letters, and there corresponding sounds together to make words. In...