PATTERNS AND TRENDS IN HEALTH AND ILLNESS AMONGST THE SOCIAL GROUPING
The UK boasts a culturally diverse population with ethnic minorities accounting for almost 8% of the population. This represented an increase in the percentage of ethnic members of the population by approximately 50% in the decade spanning 1991-2001. The largest ethnic minority group was Indians, followed by Pakistanis, mixed ethnic backgrounds, Black Caribbean, Black Africans and Bangladeshis.
Ethnic differences in health vary across age groups, so that the greatest variation by ethnicity is seen among the elderly. Ethnic differences in health also vary between men and women, as well as between geographical areas. Ethnic differences in health may vary between generations. For example, in some black and minority ethnic groups, rates of ill health are worse among those born in the UK than in first-generation immigrants
some diseases are more prevalent in certain ethnic groups like cardiovascular-related illnesses are more prevalent in men from the Indian subcontinent. The Health Survey for England shows that black and minority ethnic groups as a whole are more likely to report ill health, and that ill health among black and minority ethnic people starts at a younger age than in the White British. While Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Black-Caribbean people report the poorest health and Chinese people report better health.
Pakistani women and Bangladeshi men are more likely to report the presence of a long-standing illness which limited them on a daily basis. Cancer rates tend to be lower in black and ethnic minority groups. Those from South Asia, the Caribbean and Africa have lower mortality rates from lung cancer because of lower levels of smoking. The highest rate of mortality can be found amongst people from Ireland and Scotland. Black and ethnic minority patients are more likely to receive a diagnosis of mental illness...