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Patriot Act Essay

  • Submitted by: cruelkid
  • on June 23, 2014
  • Category: History
  • Length: 815 words

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Below is an essay on "Patriot Act" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

The Patriot Act  

The Patriot Act (the full name is the USA Patriot Act, or "Uniting and Strengthening America Act by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001") was enacted by the U.S. Congress on October 26, 2001, at the request of President George Bush in response to the terrorist acts of September 11. It gives controversial new powers to the Justice Department in terms of domestic and international surveillance of American citizens and others within its jurisdiction. According to its sponsors, the Act was needed to address a situation that had not existed before - the presence of terrorists within national borders - and the need to apprehend and prosecute them, hopefully before rather than after they acted. The Patriot Act made a number of changes to the U.S. Law. Key acts changed were the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (FISA), the Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 (ECPA), the Money Laundering Control Act of 1986 and Bank Secrecy Act (BSA), as well as the immigration and Nationality Act. The Act itself came about after the September 11th attacks on New York City and the Pentagon. Congress immediately started working on several proposed anti-terrorists, before   the Justice Department finally drafted a bill called the Anti-Terrorism Act of 2001. This was introduced to the House as the Provide Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001, which was later passed by the House as the Uniting and Strengthening America Act on October 12. It was not introduced into the Senate as the USA Act where a number of amendments were proposed by Senator Russ Feingold, which all were passed. There are ten titles that explain each part of the USA Patriot Act.
Title I - Enhancing Domestic Security Against Terrorism: Which authorizes measures to enhance the ability of domestic security services to prevent terrorism. The title established a fund for counter-terrorist activities and...

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