I-O Psychology Worksheet
1. Describe the evolution of the field of industrial/organizational psychology.
According to Spector (2012) “I/O psychology is an eclectic field that has borrowed concepts, ideas, techniques, and theories from many other disciplines.” (p. 5). I/O psychology has been around for several years and some of the earliest studies can be traced back to Herman von Helmoltz(1821-1894). Other philosophers before hand may have contribute to this idea such as english philosopher John Lock. Experimental psychology is considered to play a major role in the development of I/O psychology, and provided the principles and techniques (Spector, 2012). In the United States, early work in I/O psychology focused on issues concerning employee performance and organizational efficiency, but in the United Kingdom the focus was directed more toward the health and fatigue of employees (Spector, 2012). During World War I both the United States and United Kingdom began implementing I/O psychology in response to military demand on both the private and government sectors (Spector, 2012). The basic fact is that the evolution of the field of industrial/organizational psychology has came a long way from its start. I think that it is a great thing to know more about this field of psychology because of the information found of the matter.
2. Explain why industrial/organizational psychology should be considered a science. Include an explanation of how descriptive and inferential statistics are used in I-O research.
Because the practice of I/O psychology in an organization setting is based on research produced by scientific data, I/O psychology is dependent on scientific research (Spector, 2012). I/O psychology can be considered a science because research is one of the primary activities performed by I/O psychologists. Although most research data is published in major publications or journals produced by...