Nature conservation is the sustainable use and management of natural resources including wildlife, water, air, and earth deposits. Why is nature conservation so important? Because humans require it for their good health. Human health relies on a healthy environment. Healthy ecosystems produce fresh water, food, timber, fibre and medicines. A healthy ecosystem purifies our water, cleans our air, moderates the climate, provides carbon storage options and regulates floods. Trees and plants consume carbon which has continuously increased our planet’s temperature, increased storms, sea level rises and freshwater glacier melting that threatens lives. Protecting the world’s forests from destruction is an important step to avoid the harmful effects of greenhouse gas emissions which greatly affect the temperature of the Earth. Global warming threatens the integrity of marine and terrestrial habitats and interrupts natural cycles such as migration and hibernation. It is clear that the current climate we enjoy has not always been the climate that has existed in the past. Climate change is the most significant conservation challenge we face today.
Water is another biggest conservation issue of all. What would happen if China and India, which depend on the vanishing glaciers of the Himalayas for their water, continue to pollute the rivers, and then run out of water altogether?
Our planet provides us with all of the resources that modern exploitation has given us, through wood, medicine, water, plants and animals to eat, metals, vitamins, minerals. Nature has given us so much. If we don't conserve, we lose these precious privileges to exploitation and abuse of resources.
We need to conserve natural resources because humans have a tendency to go through them faster than they can be renewed. Conservation is simply a prudent insurance policy against the unknowns of the future. If we conserve the resources now it will ensure that we have them to use for future generations.