UNIT 1 Checks for Understanding
History and Research Methods
You can use these to take notes in class (if that works for you), or take notes on your own and do these as homework. They are due on the day of the test. (Wed, Sept. 4th for Test 1)
1. Why do so many people find psychology interesting? Why is it such a popular course of study?
2. From which 2 disciplines does Psychology draw its origins? How did those disciplines influence the study of Psychology?
3. Explain the difference between structuralism and functionalism.
4. Describe the evolution of psychology as defined from the 1920’s through today. (Which perspectives in which order. General idea of each perspective.)
5. Summarize the nature-nurture debate in psychology, and describe the principle of natural selection.
6. Identify the three main levels of analysis in the biopsychosocial approach, and explain why psychology's varied
perspectives are complementary.
7. Identify some of psychology’s subfields, and explain the difference between clinical psychology and psychiatry.
8. Describe hindsight bias, and explain how it can make research findings seem like mere common sense.
9. Describe how overconfidence contaminates our everyday judgments.
10. Explain how the scientific attitude encourages critical thinking.
11. Describe how psychological theories guide scientific research.
12. Identify an advantage and a disadvantage of using case studies to study behavior.
13. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of using surveys to study behavior and mental processes, and explain
the importance of wording effects and random sampling.
14. Identify an advantage and a disadvantage of using naturalistic observation to study behavior.
15. Describe positive and negative correlations, and explain how correlational measures can aid the process of
prediction. Provide an example of a...