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Motivation Essay

  • Submitted by: Itzakadooz
  • on February 28, 2014
  • Category: Psychology
  • Length: 1,781 words

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Below is an essay on "Motivation" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Motivation Notes

General
•Motivation- a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
•Instinct- complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned
•Drive-Reduction Theory- the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need
•Homeostasis- 1. tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state 2. regulation of any aspect of body chemistry around a particular level
•Incentives- a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior
•Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
(Self Actualization needs Need to live up one’s fullest and unique potential)
Esteem needs: Need for self-esteem, achievement, competence, and independence; need for recognition and respect from others
Belongingness and love needs: Need to love and be loved, to belong and be accepted; need to avoid loneliness and alienation
Safety needs: Need to feel that the world is organized and predictable; need to feel safe, secure, and stable
Physiological needs:
Needs to satisfy hunger and thirst
begins with physiological needs that must be satisfied
the higher-level safety needs become active
then psychological needs become active

Motivation-Hunger
•Stomach contractions accompany our feelings of hunger
•Glucose- the form of sugar that circulates in the blood
•Provides the major source of energy for body tissues
•When its level is low, we feel hunger
•Set point: the point at which an individual’s “weight thermostat” is supposedly set
•When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight
•Metabolic Rate- body’s base rate of energy expenditure
•The hypothalamus- controls eating and other body maintenance functions

Eating Disorders
•Anorexia Nervosa: when a normal-weight person diets and becomes significantly underweight, yet, still feeling fat, continues to starve, a person weights less...

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