Analyse the impact Maximilien Robespierre had on the reign of Terror.
The Reign of Terror was a period of violence caused by a conflict of ideas during the French Revolution. It lasted from September, 1793 to July 1794 and is named for the horrific events that took place, including the many executions of those denounced as "enemies of the state", mainly in Paris but also in other areas of France. Most were beheaded by the new “Guillotine”, as were King Louis XVI and his wife, Marie Antoinette, earlier in 1793.
The Reign occurred under the rule of the radical Jacobin group. This group was ironically first known as the Committee for Public Safety, whose elected leaders included Maximilien Robespierre, Louis Saint-Just, and Georges Danton. The group gained control over a large part of French government and strived to contain their power by eliminating those who opposed their ideas. During the political purges and persecutions, Robespierre had been the speaker of the radical movement, thus making him the very symbol for the Reign of Terror.
Maximillain Robespierre was born on the 6th of May in Arras. His mother died when he was six, and soon after, his father abandoned him and his family. Various people around the local area, who continually reminded them of their father’s irresponsibility, brought up his family. Maximilien was the eldest, a hardworking scholarship boy. As soon as he was able to he took the responsibility of caring for his younger siblings. He was educated for a short time at a College in Arras and then in Paris at the very prestigious College of Louis-le-Grand and later at the College of Law. After time, he became a lawyer and with his education, was known to be a radical and a democrat, who defended the principle that the ‘rights of man’ should extend to all men, which included the poor and the slaves in the colonies.
The “Jacobins”, were people who supported the revolution and wanted a centralized Republic. They were the ones to...