Mythology Religion Philosophy
First Example Example: Quotation: “From the Muses of Helicon let us begin our singing that haunt Helicon’s great and holy mountain” (Stumpf & Fieser, p. 4).
Student’s reason for making the choice: In the above statement, the author Hesiod begins his story by calling on mythological figures that are telling him a story.
Example: Quotation from Sophocle’s Oedipus the King: “[Apollo’s] words are hopeful. Once everything is clear, exposed to light, we will see our suffering is blessing…
Apollo commands us: cleanse the city of Thebes, cleanse the plague from that city, destroy the black stain spreading everywhere, spreading poisoning the earth…” (Stumpf & Fieser, 27)
Student’s reasoning: Here, the author Sophocles shows how the citizens of Thebes are asked to obey the god Apollo to gain information. Example:
Quotation about the thought of Heraclitus: “His main idea was that ‘all things are in flux’” (Stumpf & Fieser, p. 12).
Student’s reasoning: The pre-Socratic thinkers did not look for an explanation in mythology or enlightening from a god; rather, they observed and started the process of reasoning.
“As to gods, I have no way of knowing either that they exist or do not exist, or what they are like” (Quotesea, pg 2, para. 1). – Protagoras
Student meaning: The author Protagoras begins his quote by calling on a mythological figure that may or may not exist and is a message of influence. “The nature of God is a circle of which the center is everywhere and the circumference is nowhere” (Quotesea, p g. 2, para. 3). – Empedocles
Student meaning: The author Empedocles begins the quote stating what the nature of God is. “You cannot step into the same river twice” (Quotesea, pg. 7, para. 1). – Heraclitus
Student meaning: The author Heraclitus’ quote today is making a helpful point that a person can’t be in two places at one time.
Modern Day “The wrongdoer is more unfortunate than the man wronged”...