Nelson Mandela was the first Black President of South Africa and he was one of the most instrumental figures that helped end apartheid in South Africa. After his term as president, Nelson Mandela went on to become an advocate for a variety of social and human rights organizations.
A Quick History
Nelson Mandela was born in a Mvezo, a small village in the South Africa. He was the first in his family to attend school and it was there that his English teacher gave him the name Nelson.
His political activity started when the National Party which supported the apartheid policy of racial segregation won the elections. He began actively campaigning against the policies using non violent methods, as inspired by Mahatmas Gandhi.
However, when he began to realize that non violence would not suffice, he began resorting to guerrilla warfare to achieve his means. The United States deemed Mandela as a terrorist and refused him entry.
After being on the run for 17 months, Nelson Mandela was finally captured and imprisoned for 27 years.
However, toward the late 1980s, there was mounting pressure from the international and local community for the South African government to release Mandela. He was finally released on 11 February 1990.
South Africa's first multi-racial elections in which full enfranchisement was granted were held on 27 April 1994, Mandela’s organization won that election and became the first Black President of South Africa.
As President, Mandela presided over the transition from minority rule and apartheid, winning international respect for his advocacy of national and international reconciliation.
Awards and Honours
1. Nobel Peace Prize 1993
2. Amnesty International's Ambassador of Conscience Award
3. Honorary citizen of Belgrade, Serbia
4. Listed as one of the 100 most influential people of 2004 by Time magazine
5. and over a 100 more…
1. Your vision in life must be for greater good.