Jewish Tanach contains three parts, Torah, Prophets (Neviim), and Writings (Ketuvim). While Christian Old Testaments contains four parts, Pentateuch, Historical books, Poetical books, and Prophets. All books in the Jewish Tanach are in the Christian Old Testament, but some books in Christian OT are not included in the Jewish Tanach. Christian OT uses few more books, which are called deuterocanonical. Both scriptures begin with the same five books in the first division, but differ in the next divisions. They also use the same set of Hebrew Scriptures. Christian OT ends with Malachi, a prophetic book. This ending is likely connected into the first book of the New Testament, the Gospel of Matthew.
The Jewish Bible goes by the name of "TaNaK" which has three primary divisions namely the Torah(Law), Neviim (prophets) and Ketuvim (Writings). Whilst the Christian Old Testaments contain four primary divisions namely Pentateuch, Historical books, Poetical books, and Prophets. The OT is organized differently from the Jewish Tanach. The OT is arranged its authors through the chronological timeline. Most of the books from Historical, Poetical and Prophets from the Christian OT are located in the Ketuvim division of the Jewish Bible. In the first division, both books begin with the same five books. But they now start to differ afterwards. It ends with the book of Malachi which gives way to the second coming of Elijah in the new testament. Additional books are called Deutero-canonical which means they belong to the second canon. The Christian bible ended with prophetic books is maybe because they did not believe in Writings.
A major difference between the Jewish and Christian canons is the position of the Latter Prophets--Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and the Twelve. As we will see, this results in a significant difference in interpretation. A second major difference between the two canons relates to the tendency in the Christian canon to lengthen the story...