Contemporary Literary Theory
Marxist Criticism: Economic Struggle in Literature
Brief Introduction To Marxist Criticism
What I took from this section is that it is based on the socialist and dialectical theories of Karl Marx. Marxist criticism literature is often a reflection of the writer’s own place in society. Marxist criticism views literary works through the social institution and has a specific ideological theme based on the background and ideology of the author. Marxists believe that a work of literature is not done by pure inspiration to write, but it comes from the economic and ideology in which it is written.
The lottery has a long history in this and surrounding towns. The people who run it, Mr. Summers and Mr. Graves work hard to preserve the rituals that have been passed down from year to year. Village children, who have just finished school for the summer, go around collecting stones. They put the stones in their pockets and make a pile in the square. Men gather next, followed by the women.
Mr. Summers runs the lottery because he has a lot of time to do things for the village. He arrives in the square with the black box, followed by Mr. Graves, the postmaster. This black box isn’t the original box used for the lottery because the original was lost many years ago, even before the town elder, Old Man Warner, was born. Mr. Summers always suggests that they make a new box because the current one is shabby, but no one wants to fool around with tradition. Mr. Summers did, however, convince the villagers to replace the traditional wood chips with slips of paper.
Finally the lottery begins Tessie Hutchinson joins the crowd, rattled because she had forgotten that today was the day of the lottery. She joins her husband and children at the front of the crowd, and people joke about her late arrival. Mr. Summers reminds everyone about the lottery’s rules, he’ll read names, and the family heads come up and...