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Individuals and Institutions as Mechanisms of Social Change Essay

  • Submitted by: aeger1
  • on March 1, 2014
  • Category: History
  • Length: 1,239 words

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Below is an essay on "Individuals and Institutions as Mechanisms of Social Change" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Individuals and Institutions as Mechanisms of Social Change
Allison Eger
Western Governors University-Indiana

Individuals and Institutions as Mechanisms of Social Change
Nelson Mandela is a universal symbol of oppression and victory.   He rallied against hostility and resistance in the name of equality.   Mr. Mandela strived to end Apartheid and promoted Democracy in South Africa, two significant political changes.  
In South Africa, the abolition of Apartheid and the desire for a social democracy were desires of many, especially the African National Congress (ANC).   Apartheid discrimination laws were initiated in 1948.   These laws forbid marriage between races, segregation within public places and in the workplace.   In 1950, the Population Registration Act was enacted demanding that all South Africans be classified into categories of race (Chokshi, Carter, Gupta, Martin, & Allen, 1995).   Furthermore, “in 1951 the Bantu Authorities Act established a basis for ethnic government in African reserves, known as ‘homelands.’” (Chokshi et al., 1995, para. 4).   This Act assigned each African to a certain territory and travel between the “states” was not permitted without proper passports.
Nelson Mandela was an active member of the ANC.   He worked collaboratively with this political group to plan a revolution.   In 1952, Mandela assisted with the launch of the Campaign for the Defiance of Unjust Laws ("Nelson Mandela," 2009, para. 10).   The campaign outlined a non-violent plan to end Apartheid.   Soon after, in 1955, Mandela aided in the creation of The Freedom Charter.   It was a “document calling for non-racial social democracy.” ("Encyclopaedia Britannica: Nelson Mandela," 2013, para. 3).   Needless to say, with the arrival of such documents and the actions that followed, Mr. Mandela became a force to be reckoned with.   The government responded with multiple indictments and trials, ultimately sentencing Mandela to life in prison in 1964.
Despite Nelson...

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