Indian Administrative System
Historical Context of Indian Administration
The seeds of the present Indian Administrative system, to a great extent, are rooted in the history of India under the British rule. The forces of the British Indian History left a lasting imprint on the now prevailing Indian Administrative Structure.
Though Indians were very happy to get rid of the colonial rule but soon it was realized that the governmental system and administrative machinery developed during the British raj was capable of meeting out the needs of the country, therefore the same administrative system was maintained for running the administrative apparatus of the country even after independence.
The main ingredients of the British colonial administration like parliamentary system, federal structure, governance in the provinces, civil services, district and judicial administration, rule of law, etc. continued to be the backbone of the present Indian Administrative Machinery.
The organized Civil Service, in the scientific sense of the term, was evolved during the British Period. The contemporary administrative system and its structure, rules and regulations, norms and conventions etc are the direct successors of the British steel framework. We witness a remarkable degree of continuity in the various aspects of the contemporary Indian administrative system from its immediate past.
Some of the places on which British Raj has left its impression are as follows:
The legacy of the British Administration can be evaluated properly if one knows the condition of the country before the establishment of the British Supremacy. The country was passing through a distressing and traumatic experience. At the close of the 18th century, the country was in a dismal (miserable condition) state. The British administration established tranquility, and peace, provided protection and security to...