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In The 19Th Century, Realpolitik Replaced Idealist Essay

  • Submitted by: shohina
  • on March 18, 2012
  • Category: History
  • Length: 440 words

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Below is an essay on "In The 19Th Century, Realpolitik Replaced Idealist" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Realpolitik continued to work for the new Italian nation. When Prussia defeated Austria in a war in 1866, Italy struck a deal with Berlin, forcing Vienna to turn over Venetia. In addition, when France lost a war to Prussia in 1870, Victor Immanuel II took over Rome when French troops left. The entire boot of Italy was united under one crown. “On the one hand, and, on the other, techniques of achieving positive results in view of these realities” (Bismarck’s Realpolitik, p.493). A conflict had arisen between the liberal majority in the lower chamber and the crown. When the lower chamber continued to withhold funds, Bismarck dismissed the chamber, imposed strict censorship on the press and fired liberals from the civil service. Also an arm uprising would have failed because the army fully supported the government and there was no significant popular support for challenging the government.
In Italy and Germany, nationalism had led to the creation of unified states, in Austria, nationalism eventually caused the destruction of the centuries age Hapsburg dynasty. The Austrian Empire in contrast, had to welds together and reconciles antagonistic nationalities when nationalistic consciousness was high. The collapse of the empire in the final stages of World War 1 was the culmination of years of antagonism among its different people. “Territories’ and peoples from whom the Habsburg emperors in Vienna demanded allegiance. Following the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire ( 1806 ), Emperor Francis II continued to rule as Francis (1804 – 35 ), Emperor of Austria and of the hereditary Habsburg lands of Bohemia, Hungary, Croatia and Transylvania, Galicia (once a province of Poland), and much of northern Italy (Venetia and Lombardy). He ruled by means of a large bureaucracy, a loyal army, the Roman Catholic Church, and an elaborate police force. His chief minister was Chancellor Metternich. Nationalist feelings were emerging, and during the reign of his successor Ferdinand I...

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In The 19Th Century, Realpolitik Replaced Idealist. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 17, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://parimatchstavki7.com/free-essays/In-The-19Th-Century-Realpolitik-Replaced-187007.html