One of the problems faced by society today is illiteracy. Illiteracy may be defined as “the condition of being unable to read or write” and it is one of the main causes of poverty in any society.
Illiteracy contributes to poverty in numerous ways, both indirect and direct. The first link between illiteracy and poverty tends to be when the poor man is unable to afford a high quality education and by the same token this prevents him from getting a high-paid job.
Illiteracy leads to poverty is that it alienates a person from his rights. An illiterate person isn’t aware of his rights, and so he can be easily manipulated and exploited by the ‘bourgeoisie’. If it happens on a large scale and these people are bound to work jobs with very low incomes, the poverty levels in the country increase drastically.
One way to reduce poverty is by raising awareness and regulating laws that force children to attend schools and gain education up to at least a certain level.
This is easier said than done, however it isn’t impossible. The way to accomplish this goal is by paying the child’s parents, who are entirely to blame for being reluctant to send their children to school and earn below a certain level of income, a monthly allowance, the same that the child would have earned if he was forced to work.
In conclusion, illiteracy has many interrelated causes and effects. In many countries literacy rates are increasing, notably in India. Economic development of many of these countries is also increasing in a similar fashion. Thus, one could easily argue that the increase in literacy is directly correlated with positive economic growth. In the past, education was not required, but in this day, universal education is becoming a necessity. Therefore, innovative solutions should be implemented to take advantage of this unique time in history.