I remember when I came to school and heard people talking about hurricane Katrina. People said “New Orleans is gone” and at the time that was a fair assumption. Hurricane Katrina was one of the deadliest hurricanes ever to hit the United States. There where over 1,836 people who were killed during the hurricane and the flooding that followed. Katrina ranked sixth overall for strength and set records for the Atlantic Ocean.
Identify those responsible for creating and maintaining an emergency plan.
In the past emergency management has been as simple as a fireman with military experience developing a whole town’s emergency management plan. Over time it has developed as hazards have progressed and become more complex. Emergency planners can range from one person to a whole room of staff. “Since 9/11, high levels of threat awareness and increased federal funding have encouraged the development of local emergency planning agencies. In some form, most jurisdictions now have a LEMA. This may be one coordinator with an administrative staff, or this may be or a full department with a staff of planners and analysts (Ph.D. 19)”.
Prior to Hurricane Katrina’s arrival, what entities were responsible for emergency response to a hurricane striking New Orleans and the Gulf Coast?
When a hurricane is forecasted and the threat is imminent, “the service area reconfigures its structure, priorities and actions to provide support, guidance and resource assistance to its threatened chapters.”117 The Disaster Response Structure, led by a response manager, is comprised of four departments or cells. These are the planning cell, forward headquarters cell, information and resource management cell, and the service area response operations” (Committee, 2006). Besides the response manager the local fire, police, and emergency medical personnel respond to all manner of incidents such as earthquakes, storms, and floods —have the lead responsibility for...