What Is Human Services
“The field of human services is constantly changing and is expected to grow as we enter the new millennium. New populations are joining the circle of recipients and new services are offered within the framework of “human services”. The frequent changes and the overwhelming confusion regarding the meaning of this key concept create difficulties for social welfare policy makers. They also determine the design and the evaluation of human service organizations, and shape the nature of the helping professions” (Zins, 2001).
The goal of human services
When you think of basic needs, you think of food, health, shelter, and safety. There are also social needs, interpersonal connectedness and love, those of psychological needs where you may have dealt with personal trauma. You may have received some of the needs from family and friends. But for others they may not have family nearby or have close friends. That is where a human service provider may come into help. The goal of human service agencies is to help when people find themselves unable to meet their general needs or lack the resources of overcoming hurdles in life.
The history of human services
The human service profession in its current context started back in the late 1800’s in England. The system was called feudalism and was the main manner of caring for the poor. At that time, there was no shame in being poor. It was thought that poverty was unavoidable and that it was a necessary component to society. The feudal system was eventually phased out due to economic and environmental conditions. Massive crop failures, the bubonic plague, the wool industry caused urbanization, and the Industrial Revolution led to an overhaul of the social welfare policy.
In 1536, England placed the responsibility of dealing with poor into the local hands and there was no tolerance for beggars and vagrants. There were only a certain few who were excused from work and given leniency. Those...