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How Pollution Reduction Policies Have Attempted to Lessen the Incidence of Particulate Pollution and Photochemical Smog. Essay

  • Submitted by: alexlfc96
  • on March 27, 2014
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 393 words

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Below is an essay on "How Pollution Reduction Policies Have Attempted to Lessen the Incidence of Particulate Pollution and Photochemical Smog." from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

How pollution reduction policies have attempted to lessen the incidence of particulate pollution and photochemical smog. (10 marks)
Particulates are tiny pieces of solids and tiny droplets of liquids floating in the air and are in a higher concentration. Photochemical smog is formed by pollutants such as nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides, and hydrocarbons, coming into contact with UV light, which means they break down into harmful chemicals such as ozone, which forms photochemical smog. Lots of cities have tried to reduce pollution by reducing traffic; there are various ways this can be done.  
One of these methods is congestion charges, London adopted this method meaning any vehicle owner who wants to drive into the CBD must pay a charge to do so, this has been successful and since 2003, there has been a 15% reduction in traffic and emissions in the congestion zone.   To further the reduction of traffic in London, it also introduced pedestrianized zones at certain times, and permanently pedestrianized zones, this does reduce pollution as there is less cars, however, shops may receive fewer customers as people can only get to them on foot.
Another scheme is public transport improvements, although these are often criticised as being expensive, they are evidently very effective; Manchester’s metro link cost over £1 billion ,however it did succeed in taking 2.6 million cars of the road. Other examples of improvement include, improved bus services, park and ride schemes and tram networks, all of which reduce pollution by having less cars on the road. Mexico City took these schemes to the next level by banning drivers from using their cars one weekday per week, based on their number plate, massively reducing the amount of cars.
There is also larger scale ways of tackling pollution by legislation, which are laws which aim to reduce pollution by limiting emissions and setting air quality standards.   An example of this is the UK’s clean air acts of 1956 and 1968 which...

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"How Pollution Reduction Policies Have Attempted to Lessen the Incidence of Particulate Pollution and Photochemical Smog.". Anti Essays. 12 Dec. 2018

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How Pollution Reduction Policies Have Attempted to Lessen the Incidence of Particulate Pollution and Photochemical Smog.. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 12, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://parimatchstavki7.com/free-essays/How-Pollution-Reduction-Policies-Have-Attempted-600480.html