The problem of homelessness is a serious issue in Australia. The Australian Human Rights Commission (2006) says that “homelessness is defined under Australian federal law as ‘inadequate access to safe and secure housing’.” According to the ABS (2011), the number of homeless people was 89,728 and 105,237 in 2006 and 2011 respectively. As can be seen from the statistics, the number of homeless people rose by approximately 17% during those five years. The homeless were classified into several main groups, youth, women and people with mental illness. Youth homelessness is a focus group, and they should get more attention. Youth homelessness is a controversial problem, but it could be prevented if programs attack this issue effectively.
Homelessness among young people is a serious issue. The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2006) points out that youth are people in the 12 to 24 years age group. According to the ABS (2006) the number of youth who are homeless was 21,943 in 2006 and 26,238 in 2011. The statistic shows that there was an upward trend in the number of youth homelessness. The data shows that youth make up around one fourth of homeless people.
Youth homelessness is caused by certain problems. The first factor is from society. There are not enough houses to provide for young people. And unemployment leads to young people not being able to afford rent for a house. The second reason is personal problems. Teenagers are infatuated with playing computer games. Drug and alcohol addiction are important reasons of teen homelessness as well. However, the most dramatic problem is the family. Family relationship breakdown is notable. FAHCSIA (2012) justifies its view on family factors as the causes by providing data; 67% of teens left a home that had single-parent household or remarried families. Parents’ divorce or a mother or a father passing away leads to family change. Young people come into conflict with their single parent, which over...