* From the Ancient Greek word, historie, meaning “knowledge acquired by investigation or inquiry.
* History is a narration of the events which have happened among mankind, including an account of the rise and fall of nations, as well as of other great changes which have affected the political and social condition of the human race.—John J. Anderson. 1876. A Manual of General History.
* chronological record of events, as of the life or development of a people or institution, often including an explanation of or commentary on those events
* It is a discipline or branch of knowledge that systematically studies the past. Oftentimes, this tackles the past of humans and societies and the world they lived in.
* “Salaysay o sanaysay na may saysay sa pinagsasalaysayan”.- Dr. Zeus A. Salazar, Historyador
1. Time - constantly changing and never stop, even this concept has evolved over time and in different people.
2. Place – the stage of history
4. Persons - major factor in the study of history, actors who make up the society.
During the EDSA Revolution of 1986, many Filipinos marched along EDSA Avenue to participate in the peaceful revolution of ousting President Marcos in the position of presidency, these Filipinos were not specifically recorded in history – they were only treated as the GENERAL PERSONAE of History. Whereas, the popular names of President Marcos, President Cory, Juan Ponce Enrile, Imelda Marcos and the like were specifically recorded in history – thus, they are the PARTICULARS in the that particular Historical Event.
1. Particular – Andres Bonifacio
General – Katipunan Members
IV. HISTORY vs. PREHISTORY
HISTORY | PRE-HISTORY |
* Written records of the past exists * Era after the...