The World War 2
The Cause and Effects of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Michael Allan Y. Miles
When World War II is discussed Nazi Germany, Holocaust, Atomic Bombs, and Pearl Harbor normally come to mind first. What people fail to remember is the event that officially ended World War II, Hiroshima and Nakagawa. Germany had just been defeated. Now it was time to decide upon the destiny of Japan. (Sturgeon, A., 2009). On July 17, 1945 the Potsdam Conference was held southwest of Berlin. Well known leaders such as Joseph Stalin, President Truman, and newly appointed Prime Minister, Clement Attlee discussed the ongoing war in the Far East. The allied forces were starting to run out of options and resources as Japan continued to fight. On August 2, 1945 the “Potsdam Declaration” was announced. Japan could choose, it said, between “unconditional surrender” or “prompt and utter destruction”. (Sturgeon, A., 2009) by President Harry S. Truman made an important decision to utilize atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki because it saved the lives of hundreds of thousands of people and it was the only way to quickly bring the war to an end.
During the Potsdam Conference President Truman received confirmation of the successful trial test of the US atomic bomb. The US had spent many years and billions of dollars perfecting the atomic bomb and keeping it under tight security. The information from the telegram received by Truman was shared with Stalin, although, Stalin was not surprised. Soviet atomic spies were still able to penetrate the program. The program was also known as the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan Project was a research and development program that was led by American scientist. With this project, two types of nuclear atomic bombs were developing. The first type was a simple gun type weapon using a uranium 235, but the design was not practical. This uranium bomb has a wedge of U-235 fired down a gun barrel by conventional high...