Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act of 1996
The Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act (HIPPA) is a set of standards for protecting patient information. It was put into law on August 21, 1996. It was put into place to set standards for any company that deals with protected health information. These companies must ensure that all the required measure is in place to protect the protected health information of patients.
HIPPA includes anyone who provides treatment, payment and operations in healthcare, with access to patient information and provides support in treatment, payment or operations. Subcontractors, or business associates of business associates, must also be in compliance.
The HIPAA Privacy Rule addresses the saving, accessing and sharing of medical and personal information of any individual, as well as standards to protect health data created, received, maintained or transmitted electronically. Safeguards are for all facilities that treat patients. Some safeguards include limited access and control of all protected health information. All companies must have policies about use and access to workstations and electronic media that transfers, removing, disposing, and re-using electronic media and electronic protected health information.
In 2009 an act called The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act was formed because of health technology and increased use, storage and transmittal of electronic health information. The HIPAA Security Rule applies to all health plans, healthcare clearinghouses, and to any healthcare provider who transmits protected health information in electronic form, or electronic protected health information.
Violations of Health Insurance Portability Act
HIPAA carries serious penalties, including financial and criminal consequences for violations. Any type of health care provider including individuals, organizations and third parties, is held to HIPAA standards. When a...