History 214 H.3 Andrew H Lauw
Due Date: May 19, 2011 Date Submitted: May 19, 2011
Hatcheries in Alaska
Abstract: Commercial salmon fishery in Alaska can trace its root back to the end of the 19th century. Since then it has undergone two important technological leaps that have changed its fate forever; the expansion of cannery and the intensive focus on hatcheries. While both have helped to boost the production capacity of salmon to a great extent, canning has almost pushed salmon very close to the edge of extinction. Hatcheries on the other hand have successfully restrained such tragedies from happening. This paper will examine the origin of hatcheries through explaining how and when it came about into the salmon fishing scenery. At the same time it strives to present the significant socioeconomical impacts it has brought to this very specific industry and the American economy as a whole. Resources were mainly taken from a United States Bureau of Fisheries report; The Fisheries of Alaska by John Nathan Cobb, Howard Malcolm Kutchin. Supplementary supports are also obtained from a book written specifically on the topic of salmon hatcheries in Alaska by Patricia Roppel, entitled Alaska’s Salmon Hatcheries, a magazine article written in 1983 named Alaska Fisherman’s Journal, and a couple more minor yet related writings based on both online and published articles/reports
Alaska’s harvest of salmons represents as much as 80% of the total North American salmon fishing industry. In fact, behind petroleum, the Alaskan industry which offers the most promise is seafood. However it was not always the case in history. Along the usage of canning throughout the 1920s, Alaska has been suffering from the impact of overfishing. This has been due to the commercial prospects that salmon could bring to the market as well as the US’s gross production. Before overfishing became an issue of large concerns, traditional methods such as pound nets and stationary...