Act II Scene i
Oxymoron: A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction.
Quote: “See you now,
Your bait of falsehood takes this carp of truth.”
Hamlet Act II sc i, Lines 62-63
Explanation: Polonius is discussing his intentions on spying on Laertes with Reynaldo, sharing some of the things he can say in different situations. The quote is both a metaphor and an oxymoron; it is an oxymoron in the sense that Polonius and Reynaldo must use falsehood and lies to seek the truth of what Laertes is doing in Paris, it is a metaphor in the sense that Polonius is comparing truths and falsehoods to fish and bait.
Act II Scene ii
Dramatic Irony: Irony that occurs when the audience is aware of something that the characters in the story are not aware of.
Quote: “Take this from this if this be otherwise.
If circumstances lead me, I will find
Where truth is hid, though it were hid indeed
Within the center”
Hamlet Act II sc ii, Lines 148-151
Explanation: Gertrude, Claudius, and Polonius are under the assumption that Hamlet is truly crazy. Polonius intends to prove that Hamlet is crazy and tells Claudius and Gertrude that they may behead him if he is wrong. This displays dramatic irony since the audience is aware of the fact that Hamlet’s insanity is only an act while the characters in the play believe he is truly crazy.
Act III Scene i
Soliloquy: An act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers.
Quote: “To be, or not to be? That is the question—
Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And, by opposing, end them?...”
Hamlet Act III sc i, Lines 57-91
Explanation: Hamlet gives several soliloquys throughout the play, addressing his thoughts and concerns to the audience without directly addressing them to...